- Billy Batson's sidekicks Captain Marvel Jr. and Mary Marvel both took on the identity of Captain Marvel in different story arcs.
- Carol Danvers is the current Captain Marvel and was known for the longest time as Ms. Marvel.
- Mar-Vell is the first hero to be known as Captain Marvel in the Marvel Universe.
- Monica Rambeau was also known as Captain Marvel, as well as Photon and Pulsar.
- Genis-Vell was Mar-Vell's son and both he and Rick Jones shared a body when they acted as Captain Marvel (it is also worth noting that this is the only Marvel who was also a villain)
- Phyla-Vell was more commonly known as Quasar, but took on the identity of Captain Marvel for a time,
- Khn'nr was a skrull invader who posed as the original Captain Marvel, even allowing himself to become brainwashed to forget he was a skrull.
- Noh-Varr is more commonly known as Marvel Boy who took on the Captain Marvel identity when he joined the Dark Avengers.
- Mahr-Vehl is the Captain Marvel of the Ultimate Marvel Universe.
- In the comic book mini-series Fantastic Four: The End, the superheroine Kismet becomes the new Captain Marvel.
- Captain Marvel is the combination of the DC and Marvel's Captain Marvel characters in the Amalgam Universe.
- The character of Captain Marvel published bt M.F. Enterprises had the power to take his body apart like a jigsaw puzzle.